Below you find all Excel functions with their descriptions.

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Functions | Descriptions |
---|---|

ABS | Returns the absolute value of a number |

ACCRINT | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

ACOS | Returns the arccosine of a number |

ACOSH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ACOT | Returns the arccotangent of a number |

ACOTH | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number |

ADDRESS | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet |

AGGREGATE | Returns an aggregate in a list or database |

AMORDEGRC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient |

AMORLINC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period |

AND | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE |

ARABIC | Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number |

AREAS | Returns the number of areas in a reference |

ARRAYTOTEXT | Returns an array of text values from any specified range |

ASC | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters |

ASIN | Returns the arcsine of a number |

ASINH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number |

ATAN | Returns the arctangent of a number |

ATAN2 | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates |

ATANH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number |

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

AVERAGE | Returns the average of its arguments |

AVERAGEA | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

AVERAGEIF | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria |

AVERAGEIFS | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria |

BAHTTEXT | Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format |

BASE | Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) |

BESSELI | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) |

BETA.DIST | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETA.INV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BETADIST | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETAINV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BIN2DEC | Converts a binary number to decimal |

BIN2HEX | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT | Converts a binary number to octal |

BINOM.DIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution |

BINOM.INV | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

BINOMDIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BITAND | Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers |

BITLSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits |

BITOR | Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers |

BITRSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits |

BITXOR | Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers |

BYCOL | Applies a LAMBDA to each column and returns an array of the results |

BYROW | Applies a LAMBDA to each row and returns an array of the results |

CALL | Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource |

CEILING | Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.MATH | Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.PRECISE | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. |

CELL | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell |

CHAR | Returns the character specified by the code number |

CHIDIST | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHIINV | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.DIST | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.INV | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.TEST | Returns the test for independence |

CHITEST | Returns the test for independence |

CHOOSE | Chooses a value from a list of values |

CHOOSECOLS | Returns the specified columns from an array |

CHOOSEROWS | Returns the specified rows from an array |

CLEAN | Removes all nonprintable characters from text |

CODE | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string |

COLUMN | Returns the column number of a reference |

COLUMNS | Returns the number of columns in a reference |

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects |

COMBINA | Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items |

COMPLEX | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number |

CONCAT | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. |

CONCATENATE | Joins two or more text strings into one string |

CONCATENATE | Joins several text items into one text item |

CONFIDENCE | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.T | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution |

CONVERT | Converts a number from one measurement system to another |

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets |

COS | Returns the cosine of a number |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COT | Returns the cotangent of an angle |

COTH | Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number |

COUNT | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments |

COUNTA | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments |

COUNTBLANK | Counts the number of blank cells within a range |

COUNTIF | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria |

COUNTIFS | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria |

COUPDAYBS | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date |

COUPDAYS | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date |

COUPDAYSNC | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date |

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date |

COUPNUM | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date |

COUPPCD | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date |

COVAR | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.P | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.S | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets |

CRITBINOM | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

CSC | Returns the cosecant of an angle |

CSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, that is used to monitor an organization's performance. |

CUBEMEMBER | Returns a member or tuple from the cube. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. |

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Returns the value of a member property from the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. |

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or the top 10 students. |

CUBESET | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Excel. |

CUBESETCOUNT | Returns the number of items in a set. |

CUBEVALUE | Returns an aggregated value from the cube. |

CUMIPMT | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods |

CUMPRINC | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods |

DATE | Returns the serial number of a particular date |

DATEDIF | Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. |

DATEVALUE | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number |

DAVERAGE | Returns the average of selected database entries |

DAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the month |

DAYS | Returns the number of days between two dates |

DAYS360 | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year |

DB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method |

DBCS | Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters |

DCOUNT | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database |

DCOUNTA | Counts nonblank cells in a database |

DDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify |

DEC2BIN | Converts a decimal number to binary |

DEC2HEX | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal |

DEC2OCT | Converts a decimal number to octal |

DECIMAL | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number |

DEGREES | Converts radians to degrees |

DELTA | Tests whether two values are equal |

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of squares of deviations |

DGET | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria |

DISC | Returns the discount rate for a security |

DMAX | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries |

DMIN | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries |

DOLLAR | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format |

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number |

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction |

DPRODUCT | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database |

DROP | Excludes a specified number of rows or columns from the start or end of an array |

DSTDEV | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries |

DSTDEVP | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries |

DSUM | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria |

DURATION | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments |

DVAR | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries |

DVARP | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries |

EDATE | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date |

EFFECT | Returns the effective annual interest rate |

ENCODEURL | Returns a URL-encoded string |

EOMONTH | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months |

ERF | Returns the error function |

ERF.PRECISE | Returns the error function |

ERFC | Returns the complementary error function |

ERFC.PRECISE | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity |

ERROR.TYPE | Returns a number corresponding to an error type |

EUROCONVERT | Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) |

EVEN | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer |

EXACT | Checks to see if two text values are identical |

EXP | Returns <i class="ocpItalic">e</i> raised to the power of a given number |

EXPAND | Expands or pads an array to specified row and column dimensions |

EXPON.DIST | Returns the exponential distribution |

EXPONDIST | Returns the exponential distribution |

F.DIST | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.DIST.RT | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.INV | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.TEST | Returns the result of an F-test |

FACT | Returns the factorial of a number |

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the double factorial of a number |

FALSE | Returns the logical value FALSE |

FDIST | Returns the F probability distribution |

FILTER | Filters a range of data based on criteria you define |

FILTERXML | Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath |

FIND, FINDBS | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) |

FINV | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

FISHER | Returns the Fisher transformation |

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation |

FIXED | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals |

FLOOR | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

FLOOR | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

FLOOR.MATH | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

FLOOR.PRECISE | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down. |

FORECAST | Calculates, or predicts, a future value by using existing values. |

FORECAST | Returns a value along a linear trend |

FORECAST.ETS | Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting |

FORECAST.LINEAR | Returns a future value based on existing values |

FORMULATEXT | Returns the formula at the given reference as text |

FREQUENCY | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array |

FTEST | Returns the result of an F-test |

FV | Returns the future value of an investment |

FVSCHEDULE | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates |

GAMMA | Returns the Gamma function value |

GAMMA.DIST | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMA.INV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMADIST | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMAINV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMALN | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GAUSS | Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution |

GCD | Returns the greatest common divisor |

GEOMEAN | Returns the geometric mean |

GESTEP | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value |

GETPIVOTDATA | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report |

GROWTH | Returns values along an exponential trend |

HARMEAN | Returns the harmonic mean |

HEX2BIN | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary |

HEX2DEC | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal |

HEX2OCT | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal |

HLOOKUP | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell |

HOUR | Converts a serial number to an hour |

HSTACK | Appends arrays horizontally and in sequence to return a larger array |

HYPERLINK | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet |

HYPGEOM.DIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

HYPGEOMDIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

IF | Specifies a logical test to perform |

IFERROR | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula |

IFNA | Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression |

IFS | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. |

IMABS | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number |

IMAGE | Returns an image from a given source |

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number |

IMARGUMENT | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians |

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number |

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a complex number |

IMCOSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number |

IMCOT | Returns the cotangent of a complex number |

IMCSC | Returns the cosecant of a complex number |

IMCSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number |

IMDIV | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers |

IMEXP | Returns the exponential of a complex number |

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number |

IMPOWER | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power |

IMPRODUCT | Returns the product of from 2 to 255 complex numbers |

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number |

IMSEC | Returns the secant of a complex number |

IMSECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number |

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a complex number |

IMSINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number |

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a complex number |

IMSUB | Returns the difference between two complex numbers |

IMSUM | Returns the sum of complex numbers |

IMTAN | Returns the tangent of a complex number |

INDEX | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array |

INDIRECT | Returns a reference indicated by a text value |

INFO | Returns information about the current operating environment |

INT | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer |

INTERCEPT | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line |

INTRATE | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security |

IPMT | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period |

IRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows |

ISBLANK | Returns TRUE if the value is blank |

ISERR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A |

ISERROR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value |

ISEVEN | Returns TRUE if the number is even |

ISFORMULA | Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula |

ISLOGICAL | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value |

ISNA | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value |

ISNONTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is not text |

ISNUMBER | Returns TRUE if the value is a number |

ISO.CEILING | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

ISODD | Returns TRUE if the number is odd |

ISOMITTED | Checks whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing and returns TRUE or FALSE |

ISOWEEKNUM | Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date |

ISPMT | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment |

ISREF | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference |

ISTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is text |

KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a data set |

LAMBDA | Create custom, reusable functions and call them by a friendly name |

LARGE | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set |

LCM | Returns the least common multiple |

LEFT, LEFTBS | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value |

LEN, LENBS | Returns the number of characters in a text string |

LET | Assigns names to calculation results |

LET | Assigns names to calculation results to allow storing intermediate calculations, values, or defining names inside a formula |

LINEST | Returns the parameters of a linear trend |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a number |

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base |

LOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number |

LOGEST | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend |

LOGINV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function |

LOGNORM.DIST | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOGNORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

LOGNORMDIST | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOOKUP | Looks up values in a vector or array |

LOWER | Converts text to lowercase |

MAKEARRAY | Returns a calculated array of a specified row and column size, by applying a LAMBDA |

MAP | Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the array(s) to a new value by applying a LAMBDA to create a new value |

MATCH | Looks up values in a reference or array |

MAX | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments |

MAXA | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MAXIFS | Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria |

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of an array |

MDURATION | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

MEDIAN | Returns the median of the given numbers |

MID, MIDBS | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify |

MIN | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments |

MINA | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MINIFS | Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria. |

MINUTE | Converts a serial number to a minute |

MINVERSE | Returns the matrix inverse of an array |

MIRR | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates |

MMULT | Returns the matrix product of two arrays |

MOD | Returns the remainder from division |

MODE | Returns the most common value in a data set |

MODE.MULT | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data |

MODE.SNGL | Returns the most common value in a data set |

MONTH | Converts a serial number to a month |

MROUND | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple |

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers |

MUNIT | Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension |

N | Returns a value converted to a number |

NA | Returns the error value #N/A |

NEGBINOM.DIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NEGBINOMDIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NETWORKDAYS | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

NOMINAL | Returns the annual nominal interest rate |

NORM.DIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.DIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.INV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMDIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMINV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSDIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSINV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NOT | Reverses the logic of its argument |

NOW | Returns the serial number of the current date and time |

NPER | Returns the number of periods for an investment |

NPV | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate |

NUMBERVALUE | Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner |

OCT2BIN | Converts an octal number to binary |

OCT2DEC | Converts an octal number to decimal |

OCT2HEX | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal |

ODD | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer |

ODDFPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period |

ODDFYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period |

ODDLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period |

ODDLYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period |

OFFSET | Returns a reference offset from a given reference |

OR | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE |

PDURATION | Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value |

PEARSON | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

PERCENTILE | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTILE.EXC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive |

PERCENTILE.INC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTRANK | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set |

PERCENTRANK.INC | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects |

PERMUTATIONA | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects |

PHI | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution |

PHONETIC | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string |

PI | Returns the value of pi |

PMT | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity |

POISSON | Returns the Poisson distribution |

POISSON.DIST | Returns the Poisson distribution |

POWER | Returns the result of a number raised to a power |

PPMT | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period |

PRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest |

PRICEDISC | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security |

PRICEMAT | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity |

PROB | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits |

PRODUCT | Multiplies its arguments |

PROPER | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value |

PV | Returns the present value of an investment |

QUARTILE | Returns the quartile of a data set |

QUARTILE.EXC | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive |

QUARTILE.INC | Returns the quartile of a data set |

QUOTIENT | Returns the integer portion of a division |

RADIANS | Converts degrees to radians |

RAND | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 |

RANDARRAY | Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values. |

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify |

RANK | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.AVG | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.EQ | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RATE | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity |

RECEIVED | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security |

REDUCE | Reduces an array to an accumulated value by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returning the total value in the accumulator |

REGISTER.ID | Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered |

REPLACE, REPLACEBS | Replaces characters within text |

REPT | Repeats text a given number of times |

RIGHT, RIGHTBS | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value |

ROMAN | Converts an Arabic numeral to Roman, as text |

ROUND | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits |

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

ROUNDUP | Rounds a number up, away from zero |

ROW | Returns the row number of a reference |

ROWS | Returns the number of rows in a reference |

RRI | Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment |

RSQ | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

RTD | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation |

SCAN | Scans an array by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returns an array that has each intermediate value |

SEARCH, SEARCHBS | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) |

SEC | Returns the secant of an angle |

SECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle |

SECOND | Converts a serial number to a second |

SEQUENCE | Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4 |

SERIESSUM | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula |

SHEET | Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet |

SHEETS | Returns the number of sheets in a reference |

SIGN | Returns the sign of a number |

SIN | Returns the sine of the given angle |

SINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number |

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution |

SKEW.P | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean |

SLN | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period |

SLOPE | Returns the slope of the linear regression line |

SMALL | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set |

SORT | Sorts the contents of a range or array |

SORTBY | Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array |

SQRT | Returns a positive square root |

SQRTPI | Returns the square root of (number * pi) |

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value |

STDEV | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEV.P | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEV.S | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEVA | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STDEVP | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEVPA | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression |

SUBSTITUTE | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string |

SUBTOTAL | Returns a subtotal in a list or database |

SUM | Adds its arguments |

SUMIF | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria |

SUMIFS | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria |

SUMPRODUCT | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components |

SUMSQ | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments |

SUMX2MY2 | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMX2PY2 | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMXMY2 | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays |

SWITCH | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. |

SYD | Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period |

T | Converts its arguments to text |

T.DIST | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.2T | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.RT | Returns the Student's t-distribution |

T.INV | Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom |

T.INV.2T | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution |

T.TEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test |

TAKE | Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of an array |

TAN | Returns the tangent of a number |

TANH | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number |

TBILLEQ | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill |

TBILLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill |

TBILLYIELD | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill |

TDIST | Returns the Student's t-distribution |

TEXT | Formats a number and converts it to text |

TEXTAFTER | Returns text that occurs after given character or string |

TEXTBEFORE | Returns text that occurs before a given character or string |

TEXTJOIN | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings |

TEXTSPLIT | Splits text strings by using column and row delimiters |

TIME | Returns the serial number of a particular time |

TIMEVALUE | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number |

TINV | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution |

TOCOL | Returns the array in a single column |

TODAY | Returns the serial number of today's date |

TOROW | Returns the array in a single row |

TRANSPOSE | Returns the transpose of an array |

TREND | Returns values along a linear trend |

TRIM | Removes spaces from text |

TRIMMEAN | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set |

TRUE | Returns the logical value TRUE |

TRUNC | Truncates a number to an integer |

TTEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test |

TYPE | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value |

UNICHAR | Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value |

UNICODE | Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text |

UNIQUE | Returns a list of unique values in a list or range |

UPPER | Converts text to uppercase |

VALUE | Converts a text argument to a number |

VALUETOTEXT | Returns text from any specified value |

VAR | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VAR.P | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VAR.S | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VARA | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VARP | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VARPA | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method |

VLOOKUP | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell |

VSTACK | Appends arrays vertically and in sequence to return a larger array |

WEBSERVICE | Returns data from a web service |

WEEKDAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the week |

WEEKNUM | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year |

WEIBULL | Returns the Weibull distribution |

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the Weibull distribution |

WORKDAY | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays |

WORKDAY.INTL | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

WRAPCOLS | Wraps the provided row or column of values by columns after a specified number of elements |

WRAPROWS | Wraps the provided row or column of values by rows after a specified number of elements |

XIRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XLOOKUP | Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match. |

XMATCH | Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells. |

XNPV | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XOR | Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments |

YEAR | Converts a serial number to a year |

YEARFRAC | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date |

YIELD | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest |

YIELDDISC | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill |

YIELDMAT | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

Z.TEST | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

ZTEST | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

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